Declining Farm Labor Supply

American growers continue to report labor shortages despite efforts to address this issue, such as raising wages or increasing benefits. Factors in Mexico, the primary source of hired farm workers, such as growth in the non-farm economy and falling birth rates contribute to the declining supply of farm labor.


Still Searching for Solutions: Adapting to Farm Worker Scarcity Survey 2019: a report published by California Farm Bureau Federation and the University of California, Davis.

Farm Labor Markets in the United States and Mexico Pose Challenges for U.S. Agriculture: a U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Information Bulletin by Steven Zahniser, J. Edward Taylor, Thomas Hertz, and Diane Charlton.

The End of Farm Labor Abundance: a journal article published in Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy and written by J. Edward Taylor, Diane Charlton, and Antonio Yúnez-Naude.

California Farmers Change Production Practices As the Farm Labor Supply Declines: a Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics, University of California article written by Zachariah Rutledge and J. Edward Taylor.

Hysteresis and the Shortage of Agricultural Labor: an American Journal of Agricultural Economics article published in and written by Timothy J. Richards and Paul M. Patterson.

Is There a Farm Labor Shortage?: an American Journal of Agricultural Economics article published in and written by Tom M Hertz and Steven Zahniser.

Uniqueness of Agricultural Labor Markets: an American Journal of Agricultural Economics article published in and written by Dennis U. Fisher and Ronald D. Knutson.

Why Do Fewer Agricultural Workers Migrate Now?: an American Journal of Agricultural Economics article published in and written by Maoyong Fan, Susan Gabbard, Anita Alves Pena and Jeffrey M. Perloff.

Can Wages Rise Quickly Enough to Keep Workers in the Fields?: an article published in Choices Magazine written by Diane Charlton, J. Edward Taylor, Stavros Vougioukas, and Zachariah Rutledge.

A Declining Farm Workforce: Analysis of Panel Data from Rural Mexico: an American Journal of Agricultural Economics article published in and written by Diane Charlton and J. Edward Taylor.