H-2A Program Statistics

Adverse Effect Wage Rate

Under the code of federal regulations governing the H-2A temporary agricultural worker program, the adverse effect wage rate (AEWR) is the minimum wage rate that employers must offer and pay to U.S. and alien workers by agricultural employers.

The Department of Labor publishes the AEWR annually for field and livestock workers (combined) in the States or regions based on data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) quarterly wage survey.

Farm Labor Methodology and Quality Measures

This National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) document reviews the methodology and quality measures of their Agricultural Farm Labor Surveys.

Office of Foreign Labor Certification Statistics

The Department of Labor’s Office of Foreign Labor Certification publishes quarterly select statistics, yearly select statistics, and other performance data for the H-2A temporary agricultural worker program.

Selected Statistics, FY 2021 Q3

Selected Statistics, FY 2020 End of Year

Mechanization Trends in Agriculture

United States Department of Agriculture Efforts to Promote New Technology

The USDA has six programs in its Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), and Agricultural Research Services (ARS) agencies that accelerate the development and use of automation or mechanization in the production and processing of U.S. specialty crops.

AMS, NIFA, and ARS funded more than $287 million towards 213 projects between fiscal years 2008 and 2018.


Labor Saving Tech Adopted

Respondents were asked, “Which labor-saving technology reduced your labor needs the most for the production of your main crop in your main county?”

Reasons For Adopting Labor Saving Tech In CA

Respondents were asked, “What made you decide to use the [technology selected above] to produce [your main crop] in [your main] county that first year? (please select all that apply)”