H-2A Program Statistics

Adverse Effect Wage Rate

Under the code of federal regulations governing the H-2A temporary agricultural worker program, the adverse effect wage rate (AEWR) is the minimum wage rate that employers must offer and pay to U.S. and alien workers by agricultural employers.

The Department of Labor publishes the AEWR annually for field and livestock workers (combined) in the States or regions based on data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) quarterly wage survey.

Farm Labor Methodology and Quality Measures

This National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) document reviews the methodology and quality measures of their Agricultural Farm Labor Surveys.

Office of Foreign Labor Certification Statistics

The Department of Labor’s Office of Foreign Labor Certification publishes quarterly select statistics, yearly select statistics, and other performance data for the H-2A temporary agricultural worker program.

Selected Statistics, FY 2023 Q1

Selected Statistics, FY 2022 End of Year

Mechanization Trends in Agriculture

United States Department of Agriculture Efforts to Promote New Technology

The USDA has six programs in its Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), and Agricultural Research Services (ARS) agencies that accelerate the development and use of automation or mechanization in the production and processing of U.S. specialty crops.

AMS, NIFA, and ARS funded more than $287 million towards 213 projects between fiscal years 2008 and 2018.


Labor Saving Tech Adopted

Respondents were asked, “Which labor-saving technology reduced your labor needs the most for the production of your main crop in your main county?”

Reasons For Adopting Labor Saving Tech In CA

Respondents were asked, “What made you decide to use the [technology selected above] to produce [your main crop] in [your main] county that first year? (please select all that apply)”

Land Border Proof of Vaccination Mandate

Respondents were asked, “Have you experienced any of the following negative situations because of the vaccination requirement?”

Impacts of Land Border Crossing Proof of Vaccination Mandate on Agricultural Employers

On January 22, 2022, the Biden administration implemented a mandate requiring noncitizen nonimmigrants crossing into the U.S. through land ports of entry to show proof of full vaccination against COVID-19 with a WHO/CDC approved vaccine.  NCAE became aware of the possibility of this mandate in November 2020 and the challenges it would create for employers of H-2A workers. NCAE has tried repeatedly since becoming aware of this requirement to explain the impact of the regulation on the H-2A community and domestic food security to the Biden Administration.

In early April, NCAE partnered with the National Center for Farmworker Health (NCFH) to conduct a survey assessing the consequences of this rule on H-2A employers. Survey respondents were asked about their experiences and the impacts it has had and is expected to have on their ability to recruit and transport workers.

Respondents answered the question, “Has this requirement created any challenges for your enterprise in recruiting properly vaccinated H-2A workers?”

Respondents, who indicated they were aware of the vaccine mandate, were asked, “how would you describe the effect of this requirement on your business?”